“I am in love with this world. I have nestled lovingly in it. I have climbed its mountains, roamed its forests, sailed its waters, crossed its deserts, felt the sting of its frosts, the oppression of its heats, the drench of its rains, the fury of its winds, and always have beauty and joy waited upon my goings and comings.”
-- John Burroughs (1837-1921)
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“After you have exhausted what there is in business, politics, conviviality, and so on -- have found that none of these satisfy, or permanently wear -- what remains? Nature remains.”
-- Walt Whitman (1819-1892)
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“The mountains are calling and I must go.”
-- John Muir (1838-1914)
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In last week’s Update I discussed insects. The fact is that with only occasional exceptions, bugs aren’t a serious problem in the mountain areas where we hike.
Yes, in warmer weather we certainly do sometimes encounter insects. Most often in the mountains their numbers are relatively small. They’re rarely a big deal.
No one is required to like insects, of course, although it helps to cultivate an attitude of tolerance toward all life forms, and not obsess about “undesirables.”
Insects are part of the natural landscape, along with millions of other living things, and they’ve been here a lot longer than human beings. Most of them aren’t interested in us.
But a few species are obviously after our blood, and we naturally want to avoid being bitten. We do have a right to protect ourselves against unwelcome intrusions.
So just how can we defend ourselves? The popular answer is, of course, to apply bug repellent to our skin and/or our clothing. But bug repellents have certain risks.
As many of you know, the most popular and powerful commercial repellents have a controversial ingredient called DEET (short for N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide).
DEET is a registered pesticide. Do you really want to apply a toxic pesticide, a poisonous chemical, to your skin or clothing? (A portion of any chemical that’s applied externally to your clothing is sure to find its way through to your skin).
Be skeptical of claims that DEET is safe. Any chemical that gets on your skin may be absorbed into your bloodstream, and DEET can have harmful effects on the central nervous system. It’s a neurotoxin that is capable of damaging brain cells.
The EPA (on their website) says DEET is of “low acute toxicity” or “slightly toxic,” and acknowledges that its use “has been implicated in seizures among children.” How do you feel about putting something on (and into) your body that’s slightly toxic? Would you choose to eat food that includes a small dose of poison?
From a US government website, The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: “A study was done involving 143 National Park Service employees at Everglades National Park to determine the effects of DEET on varying use groups. It was found that 36 of the workers (25%) reported health effects that they attributed to DEET. These effects included rashes, skin or mucous membrane irritation, transient numb or burning lips, dizziness, disorientation, and difficulty concentrating. Headache and nausea were also reported.” May I rest my case?
Fortunately there are safe, non-chemical, herbal repellents that may not be as powerful as DEET, but some of us find them perfectly adequate for the job.
These products have natural ingredients like citronella oil, lemon eucalyptus oil, lemongrass, and many others. They’re totally safe to apply to our skin.
Want a recommendation? A product that some of us have been using for years is called Herbal Armor, available at outdoor supply stores and health food stores.
Garlic, by the way, is a natural bug repellent, and eating fresh garlic the day before spending time outdoors may reduce insect problems. I’ve taken odorless garlic supplements for years -- and lately have also been adding fresh garlic to my daily diet as well -- since garlic has many health benefits, and some of us love the taste. This may be one reason why most bugs “don’t seem to like me very much!”
I also take larger-than-usual doses of B vitamins each day, similarly for health reasons, and B vitamins likewise seem to have some insect-repelling properties.
[There continue to be DEET-promoting articles appearing regularly in the media – a few years ago there was one in the Wall Street Journal that belittled alternative methods -- but everyone should know that just as with other controversial issues, the influence of vested interests often results in biased reviews in favor of risky, highly profitable products instead of much safer, healthier, low-cost alternatives].
Here’s another suggestion that I mentioned last week: since bugs are often attracted to scented soaps, shampoos, and deodorants, look for UNSCENTED products, and try to use nothing scented on your body for 1-2 days before a hike.
Mosquitoes are said to be especially drawn to dark colors, so to reduce their ability to find you, wear light-colored clothing that’s as loose-fitting as possible.
Bugs are here to stay, but if you do some of the above, you may find that they’re less interested in you. That should make it easier to peacefully coexist with them!
-- Charlie Cook